December 20, 2019  |  Purdue Global  |  Updated May 8, 2023

As law firms aim to increase efficiency and reduce costs, demand for paralegals, legal assistants, and other legal services jobs is expected to increase. In fact, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that employment of legal occupations will grow 10% from 2021 to 2031, faster than the average for all occupations.

If you’re interested in pursuing a career in the legal field but do not want to become a lawyer, explore these eight non-lawyer legal careers.

1. Paralegal and Legal Assistant

Paralegals and legal assistants help attorneys prepare for hearings, trials, and meetings. Employment of paralegals and legal assistants is projected to grow 14% from 2021 to 2031, much faster than the average for all occupations, according to the BLS.

“Two words are driving this growth of paralegals and legal assistants: economics and efficiency,” says Jeffrey Gulley, JD, legal studies faculty member at Purdue Global. “Having paralegals as part of the legal team allows a law firm to operate more efficiently, and it's less expensive to hire a paralegal compared to hiring and staffing an attorney.

“There is no significant difference between a paralegal and a legal assistant,” adds Gulley. “The terms are used interchangeably.”

What Does a Paralegal Do?

  • Take notes during trial, handle exhibits, and review transcripts
  • File exhibits, briefs, appeals, and other legal documents with the court or opposing counsel
  • Gather, arrange, organize, and maintain legal documents
  • Investigate cases
  • Research relevant laws and regulations
  • Schedule interviews, meetings, and depositions
  • Write reports to help attorneys prepare for trial

“As a young lawyer, I had some great paralegals who made my life a lot easier,” says Gulley. “They really helped me with overall trial preparation and organizing trial notebooks. A good paralegal is invaluable.”

>> Read “5 Tips for Landing Your Dream Job as a Paralegal

2. Legal Secretary

O*NET defines a legal secretary (sometimes known as a legal administrative assistant) as someone who performs secretarial duties using legal terminology, procedures, and documents.

What Does a Legal Secretary Do?

  • Mail or otherwise arrange for delivery of legal correspondence
  • Make phone calls and schedule appointments as necessary
  • Organize and maintain documents and files
  • Prepare legal documents such as subpoenas, motions, pretrial agreements, and complaints

“When comparing the duties of a paralegal to a legal secretary, paralegals generally conduct more legal research and draft legal documents,” says Gulley. “A legal secretary is unlikely to do research or draft legal documents”

3. Title Examiner, Abstractor, and Searcher

Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers are job titles of those who search real estate records, examine titles, and summarize legal and/or insurance documents, according to O*NET.

What Does a Title Examiner/Abstractor/Searcher Do?

  • Examine real estate records (such as mortgages, maps, contracts, liens, judgments) to verify certain facts (such as ownership or restrictions)
  • Examine titles for restrictions and verify accuracy of related documents
  • Prepare rejection notices

4. Conflict of Interest Manager

Sometimes law firms cannot take on new clients due to ethical concerns—mainly, a conflict of interest with another client represented by the firm. This is where a conflict of interest manager comes in.

“As new business comes in, every potential client has to be checked for a possible conflict of interest,” Gulley explains. “Midsize to large firms often have a conflict of interest manager dedicated to checking for these conflicts.”

What Does a Conflict of Interest Manager Do?

  • Identify potential ethical conflicts in a firm’s new business efforts
  • Maintain computer systems and databases related to conflict of interest management
  • Stay abreast of conflict of interest standards and requirements

5. Legal Technology Support Specialist

Law firms need people who are skilled in the use of computer software and hardware specific to the field.

“Insurance companies that insure lawyers and firms for malpractice require certain safeguards be in place even to write the policy,” says Gulley. “A legal technology support specialist has expertise with security protocols and billing programs.”

What Does a Legal Technology Support Specialist Do?

  • Look for ways to increase the security, quality, and efficiency of services provided
  • Respond to related requests and questions from staff
  • Stay abreast of legal technology innovations and make recommendations to the firm
  • Troubleshoot failing hardware and software

6. Electronic Discovery Specialist

Also known as an e-discovery specialist, this person collects, processes, reviews, transmits, and maintains digital evidence. The global e-discovery market is projected to reach $17.32 billion (USD) in 2023, according to a report from the market research group Research and Markets.

“This role is in demand in midsize to larger firms, even some smaller ones,” Gulley says. “Firms that handle a lot of litigation have an especially great need for an e-discovery specialist.”

What Does an Electronic Discovery Specialist Do?

  • Collect, process, and analyze digital information
  • Create and maintain electronic discovery preservation policies
  • Create and support document review and production workflows
  • Stay abreast of the tools and processes related to e-discovery
  • Provide support in litigation technology

7. Compliance Specialist

In highly regulated fields such as health care and finance, compliance specialists (sometimes known as regulatory affairs specialists) are needed to ensure business is conducted in accordance with all pertinent laws and regulations.

According to O*Net, growth for regulatory affairs specialists will be 4%–7% from 2021 to 2031.

What Does a Compliance Specialist Do?

  • Ensure contracts, policies, and procedures adhere to existing regulations
  • Promote a strong code of ethics and integrity within a firm’s operations
  • Perform compliance audits and draft documents for review
  • Monitor for unusual or suspicious activity

8. Contract Administrator

Also known as a contract analyst, this person is responsible for the management of contracts, including making any necessary changes and ensuring all parties adhere to the contract’s terms.

What Does a Contract Administrator Do?

  • Draft and negotiate new contracts
  • Handle disputes and conflicts that arise in the process or from existing contracts
  • Oversee the closeout process when a contract has been fulfilled

Launch or Advance Your Legal Career with Purdue Global

Purdue Global offers a number of online certificates and degrees in the legal services industry, including:

If you’re interested in learning more about any of these programs, request more information today.

About the Author

Purdue Global

Earn a degree you're proud of and employers respect at Purdue Global, Purdue's online university for working adults. Accredited and online, Purdue Global gives you the flexibility and support you need to come back and move your career forward. Choose from 175+ programs, all backed by the power of Purdue.


The views expressed in this article are solely those of the faculty member and do not represent the view of Purdue Global.

Employment and Career Advancement: Purdue Global does not guarantee employment placement or career advancement. Actual outcomes vary by geographic area, previous work experience and opportunities for employment. These career outcomes are dependent on your professional background, and additional training or certification may be required.

Legal Occupations Job Growth: Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Legal Occupations, National long-term projections may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions, and do not guarantee actual job growth.

Paralegals: Paralegals are not lawyers and cannot practice law or give legal advice. Graduates are not authorized to practice law and will not be eligible to sit for any state's bar examination. Programs were not designed to meet any specific state's requirements for licensure or certification, and Purdue Global makes no representations or warranties as to whether the degree or any individual courses meet such requirements. Refer to the University Catalog for additional information.

Paralegals and Legal Assistants Job Growth: Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Outlook Handbook, Paralegals and Legal Assistants, National long-term projections may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions, and do not guarantee actual job growth.

Compliance & Regulatory Affairs Job Growth: Source: O*NET OnLine, Regulatory Affairs Specialists, National long-term projections may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions, and do not guarantee actual job growth.